The New Covenant – In Depth

The New Covenant
Is an Eternal Contract

FROM THE NEW COVENANT:  Jeremiah 32:40 God says:

“And I will make an everlasting covenant with them”

The New Covenant
Provides Forgiveness for Our Sins

FROM THE NEW COVENANT:  Jeremiah 31:34 God says:

“for I will forgive their iniquity (lawlessness),
and I will remember their sin no more.”

The New Covenant
Provides an Eternal Relationship with God

FROM THE NEW COVENANT:  Jeremiah 32:38 God says:

“And they shall be my people,
and I will be their God”

The New Covenant
Writes God’s Laws on our Heart

FROM THE NEW COVENANT:  Jeremiah 31:33 God says:

“I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people.”


When Jesus (Y’shua) instituted the New Covenant at the Lord’s Supper this did not do away with the laws of God (Torah).  Quite to the contrary, its purpose was to have the Holy Spirit write the laws of God (the Torah) on the hearts of each follower of Jesus (Y’shua) compelling them to be in right relationship with him.  God did this so that we would not turn away from him, as Israel did so often in their history, AND so that God would not turn away from a disobedient people (See Jeremiah 32:40).  God wanted a permanent, eternal relationship with his people.

The New Covenant is a renewal of God’s Old Testament Laws and Covenants through our heart so that we would not sin against God.  The New Covenant is sometimes translated as, and is also known as the “Renewed Covenant” for this same reason.

Psalms 119:10-11:   “With my whole heart have I sought you: O let me not wander from your commandments. Your word have I hid in mine heart, that I might not sin against you.”  –  All of Psalms Chapter 119 is a very good read.

Psalms 37:31:   “The law (Torah) of his God is in his heart; none of his steps shall slide.”

Job 22:22:   “Receive, I pray you, the law (Torah) from his (God’s) mouth, and lay up his words in thine heart.”

God Wants Obedience of the Heart and Mind

In Matthew 5:17-20, Jesus (Y’shua) said:  “Think not that I am come to destroy[G2647] the law (Torah), or the prophets …  Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.  For I say unto you, That except your righteousness shall exceed the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, you shall in no case enter into the kingdom of heaven.”

How can our righteousness EXCEED the righteousness of the religious leaders of Israel?!  Is nobody getting into the Kingdom of Heaven?!  Is it even possible to exceed their righteousness?


In fact, many of the religious leaders of Jesus’ (Y’shua) day, while having the appearance of teaching God’s laws did not follow them, making up technicalities and promoting their own laws and customs.  Sound like today?

Jesus (Y’shua) shows us in the verses below, that the key to obeying and pleasing God comes from applying his laws in our heart and mind.  What Jesus (Y’shua) teaches in Matthew Chapter 5 is that God doesn’t want us to be like the religious leaders by just having an appearance of obedience or ‘being holy’ but wants true, genuine, and repentant obedience by not sinning in our heart and mind first – in our very thinking.  For if we don’t sin in our heart and mind then we will never commit the “action of the sin” because the mind controls the body.  In other words, Obedience to God and his laws has always been a matter of the heart.

In Matthew 5:27-28, Jesus (Y’shua) states:  “You have heard that it was said by them of old time, You shall not commit adultery:  But I say unto you, That whosoever looks on a woman to lust after her has committed adultery with her already in his heart.”

And again in Matthew 5:21-22, Jesus (Y’shua) states:  “You have heard that it was said by them of old time, You shall not kill … But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment …”

1 John 2:9-10“He that says he is in the light, and hates his brother, is in darkness even until now.  He that loves his brother abides in the light, and there is none occasion of stumbling in him.  But he that hates his brother is in darkness, and walks in darkness, and knows not where he goes, because that darkness has blinded his eyes.”

In Matthew 5:48, at the end of chapter, Jesus (Y’shua) concludes his teaching in Matthew Chapter 5 by saying:

“Be you therefore perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect.”

WHAT????? !!!!!  It is impossible to be perfect? Right?!  But why would Jesus (Y’shua) say that if it is not achievable?

Let’s explore the Greek word used for ‘perfect’ to learn more.  It is the Greek word ‘teleios’  Strong’s Ref: G5046 which means:
     complete (in various applications of labor, growth, mental and moral character, etc.)

SO, in God’s view if we obey his law within our heart and mind then we will be complete or be in balance or harmony within our self just as God is in Harmony or Unity with himself, like in the Trinity (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit).  Another article talk more about the Biblical Trinity and how the Trinity reveals how God expects us to ‘be complete’ or unified just as he is.

The New Covenant
Gives Us One Heart and One Way

FROM THE NEW COVENANT:  Jeremiah 32:39 God says:

“And I will give them one heart, and one way”

Ezekiel 11:19-20 God states:  “And I will give them one heart, and I will put a new spirit within you … that they may walk in my statutes, and keep mine ordinances, and do them: and they shall be my people, and I will be their God.”

Job 23:13“But he is in one mind, and who can turn him? and what his soul desires, even that he does.”

In Ephesians 4:1-6 (ESV), Paul writes:  “I … urge you to walk in a manner worthy of the calling to which you have been called, with all humility and gentleness, with patience, bearing with one another in love, eager to maintain the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace. There is one body and one Spirit—just as you were called to the one hope that belongs to your call — one Lord, one faith, one baptism, one God and Father of all, who is over all and through all and in all.”

Paul continues in Ephesians 4:11-16 (ESV), Paul writes:  “And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers;  For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ: Till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fullness of Christ: so that we may no longer be children, tossed to and fro by the waves and carried about by every wind of doctrine…”

As there is only One God, there is only One Way.  Really!  Why would God have multiple ways!?  He doesn’t!  So what is broken that we have so many denominations?  It’s not God!  The closer you get to God, the further away you get from denominations, because God has only One Way and those who follow it are not divided.  This is the amazing mystery of the Body of God (Jesus/Y’shua).

God’s People, The Body of God (Jesus/Y’shua), exists and have their being in God himself and operates apart from the necessity of any church or denomination because they are directly tied into God through his Holy Spirit.  God’s People also operate within local churches too.  The difference is that their allegiance is to God alone and not to any man, leader, church or denomination.

When God’s People are united in heart to God himself they are also united in Spirit to each other.  This is how the Body of God works.  The Body of God is the only perfect organization, the one that God created that Jesus (Y’shua) heads and runs himself.  The Body does not rely on imperfect human organizations or leaders but can use imperfect people to accomplish God’s Will.  Those who are of The Body are commissioned under God’s direct authority (John 15:16) as God’s Holy Spirit resides in each of us, teaches us in all things, and commands us what to do.  The members of The Body has its being, existence, and is solely reliance upon God himself through Jesus (Y’shua).  Remember what Jesus (Y’shua) said in John 5:44“How are you able to believe, when you receive your praise from one another, and do not seek the praise that comes from God alone?”

Psalms 133:1“Behold, how good and how pleasant it is for brethren to dwell together in unity!”


The New Covenant
Puts The Fear of God in Us

FROM THE NEW COVENANT:  Jeremiah 32:40:

“And I will make an everlasting covenant with them, that I will not turn away from them … I will put my fear in their hearts, that they shall not depart from me.”

Another word for the “fear” of God is:  respect, admiration, worship, awe, or devotion.

The Fear of God brings Wisdom,
Obeying God brings Understanding

One of the keys to understanding God is by obeying him.  While no one likes being told what to do, I’ve learned that if I just trust God and obey him I often learn “why” on the other side of obedience – after I obey.  The quickest way to understand is to just to trust God and obey what he says.  Most Christians have been taught that Jesus (Y’shua) died to free us from an obligation to obey the Old Testament laws.  While the truth is quite contrary to this view.  The Hebrew meaning of The Torah, the first 5 books of the Bible, is “the teachings” and God’s laws are his teaching tools.  Sin is a violation of those laws.  But the Bible for many remains a great mystery.  To those who obey God’s laws they are taught by God and the Bible begins to unravel great wisdom and understanding in a way that is easy to understand.

Psalms 25:14:  “The secret of the LORD י ה ו ה is with them that fear him; and he will show them his covenant.”

Psalms 147:11:  “The LORD י ה ו ה takes pleasure in them that fear him, in those that hope in his mercy.”

Psalms 86:11:   “Teach me your way, O LORD י ה ו ה; I will walk in your truth: unite my heart to fear your name.”

Psalms 111:10:   “The fear of the LORD י ה ו ה is the beginning of wisdom: a good understanding have all they that do his commandments: his praise endures forever.”

Proverbs 14:26-27:   “In the fear of the LORD י ה ו ה is strong confidence …” and “The fear of the LORD י ה ו ה is a fountain of life …”

Psalms 34:7-9:   “The angel of the LORD י ה ו ה encamps round about them that fear him, and delivers them.  O taste and see that the LORD י ה ו ה is good: blessed is the man that trusts in him.  O fear the LORD י ה ו ה, you his saints: for there is no want to them that fear him.”

Proverbs 16:6-7:   “By mercy and truth iniquity (violation of God’s Law, sin) is purged: and by the fear of the LORD י ה ו ה men depart from evil.   When a man’s ways please the LORD י ה ו ה, he makes even his enemies to be at peace with him.”

Psalms 103:17-18  “But the mercy of the LORD י ה ו ה is from everlasting to everlasting upon them that fear him, and his righteousness unto children’s children;  To such as keep his covenant, and to those that remember his commandments to do them.”

Job 28:28“… Behold, the fear of the Lord, that is wisdom; and to depart from evil is understanding.”

Psalms 25:12-14  “What man is he that fears the LORD י ה ו ה? him shall he teach in the way that he shall choose.  His soul shall dwell at ease; and his seed shall inherit the earth.  The secret of the LORD י ה ו ה is with them that fear him; and he will show them his covenant.”


The New Covenant
Gives God’s Holy Spirit as Our Teacher

FROM THE NEW COVENANT:  Jeremiah 31:34:

“And they shall teach no more … everyman his brother … for they shall all know me” 

The above verse foretells of the giving of God’s Holy Spirit to the followers of Jesus (Y’shua) at Shavout, also called Pentecost.  Shavout is the annual Biblical observance or holiday that remembers the giving of the 10 Commandments at Mount Sinai (Acts 2, Leviticus 23).

Jesus (Y’shua) states in John 14:26“But the Comforter, which is the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you.”

Also in 1st John 2:27, the “anointing” John is talking about is God’s Holy Spirit:

“But the anointing which you have received of him abides (lives) in you, and you need not that any man teach you: but as the same anointing teaches you of all things, and is truth, and is no lie, and even as it has taught you, you shall abide (live) in him.”

Act 5:32“…the Holy Spirit, whom God has given to them that obey him.”

God speaks to us directly through his Spirit who resides inside of all followers of Jesus (Y’shua).  God’s Spirit also teaches us in all things concerning God, spiritual matters, the Scriptures, and in all truth.  No person can know anything about God except that his Holy Spirit reveal it to them because the Holy Spirit is the Mind of God (see this article).  Only the Holy Spirit knows the things of God and holds the keys to the knowledge of God and about God.

God earnestly seeks to teach you directly through his Spirit and Scripture if you seek him with all your heart.  God also sends people to us preaching his Word, but all such teachings must be tested against the Scriptures and what the Holy Spirit confirms in your heart.  If you do not test and confirm a teaching then you are just believing in what a man says and are not believing in God.

In John 16:12-13, Jesus (Y’shua) says:  “I have yet many things to say unto you, but you cannot bear them now.  Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will show you things to come.”

In 1 Corinthians 2:9-12, Paul states:  “But as it is written, Eye has not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which God has prepared for them that love him.  (10)  But God has revealed them unto us by his Spirit: for the Spirit searches all things, yea, the deep things of God.  (11)  For what man knows the things of a man, save the spirit of man which is in him? even so the things of God knows no man, but the Spirit of God.  (12)  Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the spirit which is of God; that we might know the things that are freely given to us of God.”

In Ephesians 1:17-18, Paul writes:  “That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him:  The eyes of your understanding being enlightened; that you may know what is the hope of his calling, and what the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the saints”

SEE ALSO:  “The Real Keys to the Kingdom” on this website.

The Holy Spirit’s Primary Mission is to transform us according to the New Covenant, to remake us, transforming us in a way that prepares us for eternity with God.  First, the Holy Spirit prompts us to having Faith in Jesus (Y’shua), that he is God in the Flesh, that he is the Word, the Scripture, the Torah.  Second, the Holy Spirit prompts us to obey God.  Third, the Holy Spirit teaches us about God, God’s Laws (writing them on our hearts), and also puts the fear of God in our hearts.  It is the Holy Spirit which gives us the capability, power, drive, and passion to live in God’s Ways by obedience to the law (Torah).

In Ephesians 5:26, Paul identifies the process of being made holy or clean like taking a spiritual bath or shower.  That is, Jesus’ (Y’shua) body (we the church) must be made clean (holy) by “the washing of water by the word” of God.

The Holy Spirit Causes Us to Obey God’s Law

Ezekiel 36:26 God says:  “And I will put my spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes …”

1 John 3:24“And he that keeps his commandments dwells (makes his home) in him, and he in him. And hereby we know that he abides (lives) in us, by the Spirit which he has given us.”

Romans 13:10 (ESV):  “Love does no wrong to a neighbor; therefore love is the fulfilling of the law.”


Jesus (Y’shua)

“… in vain do they worship me,
teaching for doctrines the commandments of men.
For laying aside the commandment of God,
you hold the tradition of men …
Making the word of God of none effect
through your tradition …”
Mark 7:7-13


The Apostle Paul

“But this I confess … I worship the God of my fathers,
believing all things which are
written in the law (Torah) and in the prophets”
Acts 24:14

“They profess that they know God;
but in works they deny him, being … disobedient
and unto every good work worthless.”
Titus 1:16

“Do we then make void the law (Torah) through faith?
God forbid: no, we establish the law (Torah).”
Romans 3:31

“the law (Torah) is holy… and just, and good”
Romans 7:12

“for we know that the law (Torah) is spiritual”
Romans 7:14


The Apostle John

“By this we may know that we are in him (Jesus/Y’shua):
whoever says he abides (lives) in him ought to walk in the same way in which he walked.”
1 John 2:5-6


(About the End Times Church):
“Here is the perseverance of the saints:
here are they that keep the commandments of God,
and the faith of Jesus.”  Revelation 14:12


The Old Testament

God: “My people are destroyed for a lack of knowledge:
because you have rejected knowledge, I will also reject you …
seeing that you have forgotten the law (Torah) of your God.”   Hosea 4:6


“Where there is no vision, the people perish:
but he that keeps the law (Torah), happy is he.”
King David – Proverbs 29:18


“With my whole heart have I sought you:
O let me not wander from your commandments.
Your word have I hid in mine heart,
that I might not sin against you.”
King David – Psalms 119:10-11


“I delight to do your will, O my God:
indeed, your law is within my heart.”
King David – Psalms 40:8

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